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Viking Facts

Have fun learning about Vikings. Learn Viking history and how they lived years ago.

Fierce Vikings

Viking warriors were very fierce and were often in battles. The term "viking" basically came from the term to "go a-viking" or raiding. There are different ideas on what the word actually meant. The warriors had to be prepared at all times for battle. The sight of a Viking ship pulling onto the shore was enough to strike terror into the most stout hearted person!

Viking Ships

One of the most important things in a Viking's life was his ship or the ship he sailed on. The Vikings were extraordinary sailors. 

The sailed in open boats in all kinds of weather and on seas no one else had or would. They were able to raid and plunder like they did because they were able to sail in and out of almost anywhere. 

The flat bottom boat they used allowed them to land on any beach and go up small rivers. Of course, this ability developed because of all the fjords or bays in their homeland.

The Vikings invented the true keel which made sailing much easier. The keel is the part of the boat that goes down into the water. it stops the ship from being blown about, and makes steering much easier.

Viking Technology

The Vikings had many skilled craftsmen. They had blacksmiths who made everything from swords to axes.

There were craftsmen skilled at making jewelry, combs and other fine things. The Viking men were very proud of their hair and beards!

The Vikings were probably the first to make and use skis and ski poles. They also skated using shin bones!

Viking Sagas

The Viking sagas were handed down word of mouth for many, many years. Sagas were stories told about their raids, lives and heroes. Their writing was limited even when they developed an alphabet called Fulthark for the first 8 letters. They wrote on huge stones which were very decorative. This is the Viking alphabet.

The letters were called runes and often written on stones which they also believed could tell the future if tossed and read by the right person.

This was one of the things they gave up when they became Christians.

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